Did I really just spend June and early July working on a series of performance rubrics (about 20 hours worth of my life) only to throw them all out in late July with a smile on my face? Well, sort of…
I’ve been creating rubrics for world languages for a long time. Back in the early 90s I taught at an Essential school where we were creating content-enriched units with backward design and performance-based assessment as part of our daily work. I even co-taught a lesson on chemical and mechanical digestion in French with a science teacher, but that’s a blog entry for another time. We got a lot of things wrong in those days: For example, my rubrics were basically checklists of task items. While we missed the mark on some things, we did get a lot of things right (We were focused on the message; we taught grammar in context, we embedded instruction in intrinsically interesting, cognitively engaging contexts). While I would never use one of my “rubrics” from 1993 today (and I cringe when I look at some of them in file drawers at home), getting things “wrong” was an important part of the journey and continues to be. I wouldn’t be where I am today without all of that trial and error. I’ve got to thank Mimi Met whose work I devoured in those days as I was writing a thesis in grad school.
In my current district, we’ve had a department rubric for over 10 years. However, whenever I talked to teachers about how they were using the rubric with students and as a learning/teaching tool, I consistently heard that there was disagreement about how to use it effectively —and most students barely even knew we had a rubric.
So, in June of this year, I began to create a new rubric, one that we could use the way rubrics should be used. Now, before I take credit for self-inspiration to do this work, I have to thank two people. You see, I’d spent the last year or two convinced that if teachers created their own rubrics, they would become more skilled at understanding how to use them. I need to thank WHS French teacher Christine for continuing to advocate for an updated department-wide rubric. I also need to thank Greta Lundgaard, who helped to convince me of the benefits of revitalizing our department rubric rather than leaving it to teachers who were telling me that they didn’t have the skill set yet to do the work on their own (Sometimes it takes someone else to help you be a better listener).
Before beginning to rewrite anything, I knew it was important to have a good working definition of assessment: “…an ongoing process of setting clear goals for student learning and measuring progress toward those goals.” We used to think about assessment as something we do to kids after a few weeks of teaching “stuff.” We now know better: Assessment is part of the plan from the start, critically embedded in the instruction, not separate from it.
Assessment as a part of the instruction is where a good rubric comes in. The real purpose of a rubric is not for a teacher to assign a grade to student work, but for students and teachers to use it to engage in a feedback dialogue about student work. A rubric needs to help students and teachers see the student work in relation to the learning goal and to move student learning forward.
I set to work and created a seventeen-page rubric. Yes, you read correctly, seventeen pages! The series contained a separate rubric for each performance mode and each targeted sub level of proficiency for presentational writing and speaking. I hadn’t even gotten to interpersonal yet. Before writing anything, I reread several ACTFL publications, looked over the many pages I’d highlighted in Helena Curtain and Carol Ann Dahlberg’s Languages and Learners: Making the Match, and I scoured through my many Marzano and Reeves books, determined to come up with an amazing rubric. The draft rubrics I created (all seventeen pages) were beautiful to look at, but were they really practical for teachers or students? At first, I thought so, but not everyone else did. Thomas Sauer, at MaFLA Proficiency Academy, convinced me that while the rubrics were nice to look at, and aligned with ACTFL performance descriptors, they were not practical, and were not what we needed at that moment in our continued growth as language teachers.
So, I did what I thought was a pretty brave thing. I’d come to MaFLA Proficiency Academy with a team of 8 teachers from my middle school and high school —all dedicated, talented educators. I handed my seventeen-page baby over to them and gave them permission to rip it all to shreds as they set forth to spend a week working on rubric development. There was a part of me cringing inside, but the other part of me knew that despite all the rubrics I’d created and fallen in love with over the years, I always broke up with them after a few months or a year. (OK, one demerit for mixed metaphors of babies and breaking up, but you get the picture.) I knew exactly why I was in a cycle of non-stop recreating rubrics; the rubrics never quite did the job I wanted them to do.
My team of teachers at Proficiency Academy worked hard all week with their facilitator, Rita Oleksak, who reiterated to them my permission to throw out everything I’d given them. I appreciated their hesitancy to do so, but appreciated even more the fact that they really did throw out a lot —not everything, but a big chunk of what I’d done. What they ended up with is a presentational performance feedback form (our newly-adopted term, thanks to Thomas Sauer) that will reflect every kid’s work from novice-mid to advanced-low, all on one page. I think it’s a solid feedback form.
Our next step is to support teachers in using the rubric with kids as a teaching and learning tool, to provide the kind of feedback that Marzano (2007) tells us will help move their learning forward. We’ll need to spend an entire academic year calibrating our scoring practices and understanding/agreeing on distinctions between things like detail and elaboration. You see, the magic of a rubric depends on teachers being able to use it effectively, in their giving consistent feedback to students, in scoring student work consistently.
Marzano explains that effective feedback must be:
I’m pretty happy with the new version of our feedback form and truly excited for all 25 of us to dig in and try it on. And…I know I’ll probably break up with this one too —because, after all, I’ve never met a rubric I liked.
Thank you, Tim, for putting yourself in a very vulnerable position in being completely transparent what is your professional growth. More of us need to do this and not judge others or shame them. We unintentionally shame people when you think we have the answer for a teacher’s struggles.
You and I lead parallel lives. I worked in bilingual technical assistance for some of Theodore Sizer’s Coalition of Essential Schools when the wonderful Ramon Cortines was Chancellor of NYC Board of Education. I was privileged to work with Jay McTighe, Grant Wiggins , Bena Kalick and bring portfolio assessment to the newly formed “boutique high schools” that were formed when they broke up the 6,000 student-monstrocities that they called high schools back then. So I can relate. So much was new but old too. We had graduation exhibitions where students proved their learning in front of a panel of parents and educators. Wow! Seems like another lifetime ago. Rubrics just prepared students for that final goal. We didn’t have a gazillion grades in the book. We knew or students better through conversations about their portfolios.
You and I also share the blessing of having Mimi Met in our lives. An insanely brilliant, funny and creative language educator who was surrounded by empowered colleagues and leaders who took their language educator careers seriously. They put backward design on the map before anybody else was discussing this. Speaking of insanely brilliant educators, we share the good fortune of working with Rita Oleksak and Thomas Sauer–two strong leaders that continue to carry the torch. Through my professional connections in ACTFL, I’ve been able to feel supported and not so isolated in this sea of never-based change.
Again, thanks for this. Wishing you a productive school year! Adam J. Stryker
Thank you, Adam. I don’t even think of it as being vulnerable. I’ve learned over the years that good leadership requires letting go of trying to have all of the answers. It’s also quite empowering and rewarding to see colleagues learn and grow. I hope we’ll get the chance to meet at ACTFL in November.
Excellent information, How do you deal with interpretive assessments?
We’re still at the beginning of thinking about interpretive. In general, we seem to be in agreement that interpretive will mostly be formative feedback for students. We are using the interpretive rubric from the IPA Manual and building comprehension activities based on the models in the manual. We might find that we have to focus our deep dive into a single mode this year, with less attention to the other 2. It’s a process.
Thank you for taking the time to tell the story of our summer work, Tim. What I am most excited about NOW is that we’ll start to define collectively what all the terms within the rubric mean to our department members. I know that in a few years, we may look back at this rubric and roll our eyes, but at least it’ll be a mess of our own group’s making. And I’m sure we’ll learn a lot along the way.
One other exciting this about this rubric is how there’s a bit of the tail wagging the dog here (in a good way), because we’re going to need to assign tasks that call on interculturality and give students chances to ask questions. This is all going to serve to build their proficiency, and ensure that our tasks are aligned with national standards.
Sorry for the many autocorrect mistakes. Wow! I am not sure how that happened. Many of the manually corrected words came back auto corrected. Yikes! But you understood because your a sympathetic interlocutor, right?
Thank you for this wonderful (and timely) post. I’m an instructional specialist in a high school district and I have the department chairs coming together this month to work on creating some draft rubrics to take back to their sites for feedback. This was wonderful to see your process and thinking. Would there be a way to see the 17 you created that were discarded just to look at the changes you made?
I’ll gladly share!
Pingback: When the Tail Wags the Dog, or How a Standards-Based Rubric May Make Me a More Effective Teacher | Path 2 Proficiency
Pingback: What’s the POINT? Is there a single-point rubric in your future? | Path 2 Proficiency